Introduction of the Sunderbans
The name of Sunderbans is means as a Beautiful Forest or Beautiful Jungle.
The Sunderbans was established as a Tiger Reserve in the 1973 and in the 1977 as a Wildlife Sanctuary. It was established as a National Park on the 4 May, 1984. was inscribed list of the UNESCO World Heritage Site in the 1987. It was declared as a Biosphere Reserve in the 1989. Sunderbans National Park is made up of the 54 island. It is the biggest mangrove Jungle in the world and it bounded by three rivers, which is Ganga, Brahmaputra and Meghna.
What is the Threat?
The time is very fast going for Sunderbans and if action is not taken fast, the biggest delta on this planet is set to be history. In the Sunderbans most famous southern delta of the fifth already submerged.
Sunderbans has observed a regular rise in the ocean level, in the last decades. The temperature of the surface water has been rising at a rate of the 0.5 degree Celsius rate of the global warming in the past 30 years. This reason has effected to the large scale fish production and agricultural yield. The devastating cyclone AILA in the May 2009 has largest loosed of the Sunderbans.
Threat called global warming
Global warming has a serious danger to the mangrove jungle. Flora is most important resources for refrain to the global warming. Several most species in the area as well as human being are endangered.
How serious is the threat?
If the current speed of the land erosion continuous about more than 250 square kilometres area of the national park and 15 % of farm land area will be lost in about after 20 years.
Recent articles published by the scientists, this article get inform for our society increased the water in the Sunderbans, while at the melting of the Himalayan glacier. Other reason down waste water from Kolkata to Sunderbans, it is major problem for the national park and wildlife sanctuary to the nearest metro city.
Scientists have as well as warned that a surface water pH level in the Sunderbans has reduced over the last 3 decades, hence reason acidification. They have said that the depletion in dissolve oxygen reason by the growth in the temperature can affect main transition in the environmental balance of the Sunderbans National Park.
Impact and probable remedy
Even the raised banks are no assurance against the encroachments by the growing water level, mainly on the Indian part of the Sunderbans. The soaring populations of the human settlement have also lead to common deforestations in the area, thus enhancing the bad-effects of ecological degradations all the more. The main problem is that very little ears are available to lend sympathy to the cornered voices.